Foreign companies may set up business in India any kind of one of pursuing manners while retaining its status like a foreign company:
Liaison Offices – A foreign company can open a liaison office in India to maintain its Indian operations, to promote its business interests, to spread awareness among the company’s products and to explore further placements. Liaison offices are not allowed to embark on any business or earn any income in India and all expenses are to borne by remittances from abroad.
Project Offices – The project office is the ideal method for companies to establish profitable business presence in India, if the object is to have a presence for modest period of a period of time. It is essentially a branch office launched with the limited purpose for executing a specific project. Foreign companies engaged in turnkey construction or installation normally install a project office for their operations in India.
Branch Offices – Foreign companies involved in manufacturing and trading activities outside India may open branch offices for the purpose of:
oRepresenting the parent company or other foreign companies in a variety of matters in India, like acting as buying and selling agents.
oConducting research, in which the parent company is engaged, provided the final results of this research are made to be able to Indian companies
oUndertaking export and import trading situations.
oPromoting technical and financial collaborations between Indian and foreign companies.
Trading companies – Foreign companies may invest in trading companies engaged primarily in exports. Such trading companies are treated at par with domestic trading companies in accordance with the trade policy.
The RBI accords automatic approval for foreign equity significantly as 51 per cent for setting up trading companies engaged primarily in exports. All other proposals, which do not meet the criteria for automatic approval, can be addressed to the Foreign Investment Promotion Board, i.e. “FIPB”.
Wholly owned subsidiaries – Foreign companies may set up a wholly owned subsidiary, which can be an Indian Company a good independent legal status, distinct from parents foreign company.
Under the current foreign investment policy, a wholly owned subsidiary can be established either your automatic route, when the conditions specified therein are complied with (specific high priority industries) or ask for approval from the FIPB.
Joint venture companies – Foreign companies may set up a joint venture company i.e. monetary collaboration with an Indian business house/company in India, which is an Indian Company with an independent legal status, distinct from the parent foreign company.
Under the current foreign investment policy, a joint venture can be established either under the automated route, if the stipulations specified therein are complied with or obtain an approval from the FIPB.
Foreign companies intending to construct any type of office already mentioned activities on the part of the parent company or foreign trading companies LLP Incorproation Online in India India for promotion of exports from India have to obtain an earlier approval for this Reserve Bank by submitting an application in the prescribed form to the Central Office of Reserve Bank. On approval of such cases, permission is granted initially for your period of three years, foreclosures the condition that expenses of such office in order to met exclusively out of inward remittances; such offices are not permitted produce any income in Of india.